Tuesday, March 17, 2009
Balance: Balance is the concept of visual equilibrium. It is a relationship of opposing forces in a composition that results in visual stability. Most successful compositions achieve balance in one of two ways: symmetrically or asymmetrically. When a composition is balanced both sides have equal weight. When it is unbalanced you tend to look more to one side of the composition.
Contrast: This is the use of opposites near or beside one another. For example: a light object next to a dark object or a rough texture next to a smooth texture. Complimentary colors also contrast. Contrast tends to add a certain amount of drama and energy to a work of art.
Space: This is what we say when we are discussing the distance or area between, above, below, around or within things that appear in a work of art. Some space is two-dimensional, three-dimensional, positive (part of an object) or negative (the space around an object).
Texture: This refers to the way things feel, or look as though they might feel, if they were touched. Sand looks rough ... a stuffed animal looks soft. Artists who played around with texture were concerned with the sensations of touch in a sculpture or the illusion of touch differences in a drawing or painting.
Shape: An enclosed space defined by other art elements of art. In painting or drawing, shapes may appear to be solid, three-dimensional objects even though they have only two dimensions (length and width). The two-dimensional characteristics of a shape, distinguish it from form, which has three dimensions (depth + length + width).